DBSA - Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance
Any information you provide to us via this website may be placed by us on servers located in countries outside of the EU. If you do not agree to such placement, do not provide the information. To proceed, simply complete the form below, and a link to the article will be sent by email on your behalf.
Bipolar disorder is a mental health disorder where a person experiences changes in their mood, energy, activity levels, and thought patterns. People who have bipolar I disorder experience mania, while people with bipolar II disorder will experience hypomania. In this article, we look at the differences between mania and hypomania, including their symptoms, treatments, and prevention.
Mania goes beyond normal mood and energy changes. The symptoms of mania are so intense that they can affect a person's relationships, job, or well-being. Having mania does not always mean that the person feels happy. While mania can cause a feeling of euphoria, it can also cause extreme irritability. The National Institutes of Mental Health NIMH say that manic episodes in bipolar disorder last for at least 7 days , or for any duration if the symptoms are so severe that the person needs hospital care.
Between episodes, the individual may feel normal or have mild, lingering symptoms. Hypomania is a milder form of mania. People who have bipolar 2 disorder have hypomania. If a full manic episode occurs, a diagnosis of bipolar 1 is usually more appropriate. Hypomania and mania share many symptoms.
The distinguishing factor is the severity of these symptoms. Mania is so severe that a person cannot carry on with their usual activities.
What is bipolar disorder?
In more extreme cases, they may need immediate hospital care. A person with hypomania may be able to carry on as usual. Family and friends may notice that the individual is acting differently even if the person does not realize it is happening. However, they should still seek medical help for their condition to prevent the symptoms worsening. Although hypomania is not as severe as mania, it can also be dangerous and have negative effects on a person's overall well-being.
One study found that people were more likely to engage in risky behavior during hypomanic episodes. This included spending large amounts of money, using alcohol or drugs excessively, dangerous driving, or engaging in risky, sexual behavior. People experiencing mania but not hypomania may also have delusions, hallucinations, or manic stupor. If a person does not receive effective treatment for hypomania, they may be at risk of it developing into mania, although this is not always the case. The symptoms of both mania and hypomania involve feeling very happy, on an emotional high, and feeling more energetic and creative.
In some cases, an episode of mania or hypomania can be mixed with one of depression. Specialists call this a mixed features episode. When this mix happens, a person may feel energized while also feeling depressed, hopeless, or empty. Certain life events or activities can cause an episode of mania or hypomania. These episodes are called triggers.
Message sent successfully
A small-scale study on a group of young people who had bipolar disorder found that triggers for mania and hypomania included:. Another study found the following factors could also trigger mania:. September eUpdate. Read More. August eUpdate. July eUpdate. When I joined I felt isolated and in crisis. I found a supportive community of educated, helpful and kind parents who love their children very much.
I desperately needed to know that my son could find light at the end of the tunnel. I found optimism and helpful suggestions.
Peer Stories. Eleora Han. Meet Maggie. Dana Parker-Mathis. Living Successfully with a Mood Disorder. Goal setting is an important part of wellness, no matter where you are on your journey. Setting Goals. Wellness Tracker. A small-scale study on a group of young people who had bipolar disorder found that triggers for mania and hypomania included:. Another study found the following factors could also trigger mania:.
What are mania and hypomania?
If a person notices mood changes that seem to be stronger than normal, they should see a healthcare professional. Bipolar disorder can be difficult to diagnose, but a comprehensive health history, physical exam, and discussion of moods and symptoms can help. If a friend or family member appears to have symptoms of mania or hypomania, those closest to them may want to talk to them about seeing a doctor and getting treatment.
There is no cure for mania or hypomania, but people can manage their symptoms with medication and talking therapies. These treatments can help prevent episodes of mania and hypomania, as well as episodes of depression. A person must take their medications as prescribed by a doctor, which is continuous, typically, to prevent episodes of mania or depression. Many people benefit from a combination of medication and talk therapy. Also known as psychotherapy, talk therapy can provide support, guidance, and education for people with bipolar disorder.
Bipolar Disorder and the Marriage-Go-Round
People who are on medication for mania or hypomania should not stop taking this medication without talking with their doctor. Suddenly stopping medication can lead to more severe symptoms if mania comes back. A person can also experience dangerous withdrawal symptoms. Although lifestyle changes alone cannot treat mania and hypomania, people can try the following to help manage their symptoms and possibly avoid triggers:.
A person cannot prevent bipolar disorder, but they can take steps to avoid or manage its symptoms with proper medical care. Mania and hypomania are symptoms of mood disorders, most notably bipolar disorder. People with bipolar 1 disorder may experience mania, while people with bipolar 2 disorder are more likely to experience hypomania. Hypomania is a milder version of mania. The two conditions have similar symptoms, though these are more severe and disruptive during episode of mania than hypomania. People can manage episodes of mania or hypomania with the guidance of a doctor or other healthcare professional.
Article last reviewed by Fri 1 March Visit our Bipolar category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up to our newsletter to receive the latest updates on Bipolar. All references are available in the References tab. Bipolar disorder. Bostock, E. Comparison of precipitating factors for mania and partial seizures: Indicative of shared pathophysiology? Debadatta, M. Acute onset mania with cycling between excitement and stupor. Fletcher, K. High-risk behaviour in hypomanic states [Abstract]. Fountoulakis, K. Bipolar disorder: An evidence-based guide to manic depression. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
Proudfoot, J. Triggers of mania and depression in young adults with bipolar disorder [Abstract]. Rolls, E. A non-reward attractor theory of depression [Abstract].
Related Moving On From Depression : The Sequel to ‘Move Over Manic Depression – Here I Am’
Copyright 2019 - All Right Reserved