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Washington D. Hank, K. Proximity and contacts between older parents and their children: A European comparison. Journal of Marriage and Family 69 1 : Grandparents caring for their grandchildren: Findings from the survey of health, ageing and retirement in Europe. Journal of Family Issues 30 1 : Heady, P. Introduction: Towards a political economy of kinship and welfare. In: Heady, P. Family, Kinship and state in contemporary. Volume 3. Perspectives on theory and policy. Frankfurt: Campus: High Level Group chaired by Wim Kok Igel, C.
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Social Science Research 36 2 : Keck, W. Multilinks Database on Intergenerational Policy Indictors. Methodological Report. Knijn, T. More kin than kind: Instrumental support in families.
Families in Eastern Europe: Contemporary Perspective in Family Research
In: Dijkstra, P. Family solidarity in the Netherlands. Amsterdam: Dutch University Press: Leave arrangements and childcare services in Central Europe: Policies and practices before and after the transition. This new project aims to complement existing research with more indepth, studies, taking into consideration the backgrounds and circumstances of individuals, especially when making comparisons between countries.
Daniela Grunow already has carried out research on the division of housework amongst spouses. And whilst women have moved into the same banding of paid employment as men, men have not increased their unpaid share of housework to the same extent. This project will be one of the first to thoroughly study contemporary parenting and will investigate a variety of themes using multiple quantitative and qualitative methods, such as interviewing couples to record how their roles and identities change after having a child.
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- Regional family cultures and child care by grandparents in Europe.
- Download Families In Eastern Europe (Contemporary Perspectives In Family Research).
The group will also look into how these areas differ between countries and cultures, namely Sweden, the Netherlands, Germany, Italy, Poland and the Czech Republic. This ERC grant promises to break new ground, allowing Dr. Grunow to form a strong young research team to take forward a major piece of research into the changing of couple gender norms and identities during family formation, over time and over the course of their lives. Descent systems. Extended family ties that reach across households provide important social and economic advantages in terms of shared labor, socialization of children, and support for the elderly.
In preindustrial societies, labor cooperation is often essential, and kinship is the primary means of defining the composition of groups. Extended family ties spread both risks and benefits— important especially in settings with scarce resources. In societies emphasizing descent as an organizing principle, extended family groups often form corporations of individuals who function in concert as a single social and economic unit. One traditional example is in contemporary hunter-gatherer societies, where resources are often uncertain, and individuals have minimal success in obtaining these resources.
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In these settings, highly elaborate rules, based on concepts of extended family, often govern the distribution of food and other resources. In this way, the success of an individual benefits the group. Societies in which the extended family network is defined primarily through relationships between males are patrilineal.
This type of descent system, where membership is passed from father to son, is most common cross-culturally. The Tiv of Nigeria, for example, live in extended polygynous family compounds consisting of the household head, several wives, and perhaps the household head's married brother, wives, and children. However, several such compounds linked by blood ties between males occupy a common contiguous territory and form a corporate economic unit more important than the household Bohannan and Bohannan Patrilineal descent systems have dominated European and Chinese societies.
Additional examples of these systems include the Juang of central India and Bedouin in Egypt Stone In matrilineal systems, membership in an extended family group is defined through women, and it is usually the son who moves to his wife's household. Matrilineal descent systems are most often found in sedentary agricultural societies where women perform the majority of agricultural tasks.
Matrilineal societies also occur in small pockets in lacustrine central Africa, parts of northeast and southeast India, and south-central Vietnam Parkin Matrilineal systems, not usually definable as matriarchies, nonetheless provide women with a degree of control over property and politics that is not found elsewhere.
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